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First Aid Kit

Posted on: 03-04-2008

A First Aid Kit is a necessity in every home, car, and workplace because accidents can happen to anyone almost anywhere. First Aid Kits should be easily accessible at all times. Before stocking your kit, you should look at the container itself and make sure it is durable, easy to open, and large enough for all its contents (check below).
Medicines should be stored in their proper containers; they should be put in a bag on the side. They should be properly marked with dosage and instructions about how and when to take them.
Kits of families with young children should have a safety lock; this lock should never need a key to be opened because that could make it inaccessible in cases of emergency.
The same precautions should be followed with First Aid Kits as with any other medicine:

  • It is to be stored out of children’s reach
  • Expiration dates of medicines and other included items should always be checked so what expired gets directly replaced.

Family caretakers, usually parents, should know where the kit is stored and how to use each item
What is kept in a First Aid Kit depends a family’s health conditions, diseases, and needs:

 General Items in the First Aid Kit

 

MEDECINES

USAGE

Acetaminophen (paracetamol)

  • To reduce pain and fever

Ibuprofen (Advil)

  • To relieve muscle aches and pain and reduce fever

Antibiotics ointments

  • To apply on cuts and scrapes

Hydrocortisone cream 1 %

  • To relieve minor skin irritation, itching and rashes due to insect bites, detergents, cosmetics and jewelry, etc…

Calamine lotion

  • To relieve itching

Burn cream

  • To apply on burns, scalds, small wounds, scratches, cuts and abrasions.

Other medications

  • For asthma, nausea, diarrhea, allergies, constipation, nose bleeding, cough, sore throat….

 

ITEMS

USAGE

  • Adhesive bandages or band-aid
  • Used to cover small laceration and abrasion
  • They should be of different sizes for various injuries.

 

  • Sterile gauze
  • Ideal if you have  large wounds
  • Can be used to clean the wound with antiseptic
  • Cotton
  • Used in case a tooth has fallen.
  • To clean medical items such  as thermometers
  • To clean your baby’s nose
  • Never use cotton on a wound especially an open wound
  • Bandages closure or safety pins
  • Used  to  attach splints, dressings
  • Used to secure bandages in place

 

  • Triangular bandages
  • Are non-stretch bandages used to hold gauzes in place
  • Used to help splint broken arms
  • Other
  • Arm slings
  • To help to splint broken arm
  • To elevate the arm 

 

  • Elastic bandages
  • To bandage a sprained articulation
  • To hold dressing in place

 

  • Adhesive tape
  • To hold gauze in place
  • To help splint broken bone
  • To cover blisters and lacerations

 

  • Eye dressing
  • One for each eye
  • Should be sterile and kept in a sterile packet

 

  • Sharp scissors preferably with rounded tips
  • To open boxes
  • To cut tapes
  • To cut clothes  
  • To cut the dressing to adequate size

 

  • Sterile saline solution
  • To wash eyes
  • Hydrogen peroxide (“eau oxygenée”)

 

 

  • To clean wounds
  • Antiseptic solution (betadine )
  • To apply on cuts and or scratches
  • To prevent infection
  • Do not apply in or around the eyes

 

  • Ice pack (keep it in the freezer )
  • For icing down injuries to combat swelling

 

  • Tweezers
  • To remove ticks, splinters and dirt from lacerations

 

  • Alcohol 70%

 

  • To remove dirt
  • To decrease germs
  • To prevent infection
  • To disinfect medical instrument
  • Alcohol should not be used on an  open wound

 

  • Thermometer
  • To check temperature
  • Gloves
  • To protect  hands
  • To reduce the risk of infection when treating wounds

 

  • Emergency phone numbers

 

  • RED CROSS :140
  • Fire :175
  • Oral medicine syringes
  • To administrate the accurate dose
  • Hot water bottle
  • Used as Heat therapy
  • To reduce pain arising from menstrual cramps
  • To relieve body aches due to muscle spasm
  • To keep oneself warm and cozy in cold  nights
  • Mask
  • To protect oneself and others from contagion
  • Paper bag
  • Used in case of hyperventilation
  • Plastic bag (Ziploc bag )
  • To put inside an amputated organ (like finger). In this case, add ice on top of the bag.
  • To hold the vomiting.
  • Small plastic container
  • To hold a broken tooth ( add normal saline )

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